Evidence for an internal model of friction when controlling kinetic energy at impact to slide an object along a surface toward a target - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Sciences du Numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2022

Evidence for an internal model of friction when controlling kinetic energy at impact to slide an object along a surface toward a target

Abstract

Although the role of an internal model of gravity for the predictive control of the upper limbs is quite well established, evidence is lacking regarding an internal model of friction. In this study, 33 male and female human participants performed a striking movement (with the index finger) to slide a plastic cube-like object to a given target distance. The surface material (aluminum or balsa wood) on which the object slides, the surface slope (-10°, 0, or +10°) and the target distance (25 cm or 50 cm) varied across conditions, with ten successive trials in each condition. Analysis of the object speed at impact and spatial error suggests that: 1) the participants chose to impart a similar speed to the object in the first trial regardless of the surface material to facilitate the estimation of the coefficient of friction; 2) the movement is parameterized across repetitions to reduce spatial error; 3) an internal model of friction can be generalized when the slope changes. Biomechanical analysis showed interindividual variability in the recruitment of the upper limb segments and in the adjustment of finger speed at impact in order to transmit the kinetic energy required to slide the object to the target distance. In short, we provide evidence that the brain builds an internal model of friction that makes it possible to parametrically control a striking movement in order to regulate the amount of kinetic energy required to impart the appropriate initial speed to the object.
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Dates and versions

hal-04289802 , version 1 (08-02-2024)

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Sylvain Famié, Mehdi Ammi, Vincent Bourdin, Michel-Ange Amorim. Evidence for an internal model of friction when controlling kinetic energy at impact to slide an object along a surface toward a target. PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (2), pp.e0264370. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0264370⟩. ⟨hal-04289802⟩
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