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Book Sections Year : 2020

Emotional and Social Forms of Robots

Abstract

The emotional and social forms one might have thought to be characteristic of humans are invading machines, which are closer to human capacities. For a long time, philosophers and scientists have pitted reason against emotion. Today, the evolution of scientific knowledge through neuroscience shows that emotional forms are necessary for cognitive functioning, memorization and learning. Empathy, for example, is one of the pillars of human relationships and relevance. It is an emotional response to a particular situation. Being able to feel an appropriate emotion in response to that expressed by another, distinguishing between the emotion of the other (your child is in pain) and your own emotion (you are in pain for him, but you do not feel physical pain), is a form of thinking that uses memory (Jaffard 2019) 1 and sensoriality (Bovet 2019) 2. Humans possess a particular ability to project themselves. In children, affective empathy appears at the age of one, cognitive empathy appears later at the age of around four and a half years. An empathy including the sense of reciprocity and allowing the construction of a sense of morality and justice develops between the ages of 8 and 12.
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hal-04423332 , version 1 (29-01-2024)

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Laurence Devillers. Emotional and Social Forms of Robots. Georges Chapouthier et Marie Christine Maurel. The Explosion of Life Forms: Living Beings and Morphology, John Wiley & Sons, pp.173-182, 2020, 978-1-78945-005-7. ⟨hal-04423332⟩
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