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Conference Papers Year : 2022

How incoming turbulence affects wake recovery of an NREL-5MW wind turbine

Abstract

The present work aims at investigating the effect of inflow turbulence on the wake recovery of the NREL-5MW reference wind turbine. The wake produced by a utility-scale wind turbine invested by both a laminar uniform inflow and a turbulent flow, is analyzed by means of proper-orthogonal decomposition (POD). The considered turbine is the NREL-5MW at tip-speed ratio λ = 7 and a diameter-based Reynolds number of the order 10 8 . The flow is simulated through Large Eddy Simulation, where the forces exerted by the blades are modeled using the Actuator Line Method, whereas tower and nacelle are modeled employing the immersed boundary method. The main flow structures identified by modal decomposition in both of the considered cases are compared, and some differences emerge, which can be of great importance for the formulation of a reduced-order model. Among the most energetic modes, a high-frequency mode directly related to the tip vortices is found only in the flow case with laminar inflow. In the presence of inflow turbulence, the most energetic modes are all composed by large-scale low-frequency structures filling the whole domain. We evaluate the contribution of each POD mode to wake recovery reconstructing the total flux of mean kinetic energy due to turbulent fluctuations on a closed surface enclosing the wake of the wind turbine. In the laminar-inflow case, we have found that the POD modes related to the tip and root vortices do not contribute positively to the wake recovery, but they rather sustains the velocity gradient, as already established by Lignarolo et al. (2015) for a wind-turbine model. Whereas, in the turbulent-inflow case, all the most energetic modes contribute positively to wake recovery. These results clearly indicate that inflow turbulence should be taken into account for accurately estimate the entrainment process in the wake of wind turbines. NREL 5MW wind turbine, POD, laminar or turbulent inflow, wake recovery, turbulent kinetic energy entrainment.
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hal-04465799 , version 1 (19-02-2024)

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Stefania Cherubini, Giovanni De Cillis, Onofrio Semeraro, Stefano Leonardi, Pietro De Palma. How incoming turbulence affects wake recovery of an NREL-5MW wind turbine. ATI Annual Congress, Sep 2022, Bari, Italy. pp.012139, ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/2385/1/012139⟩. ⟨hal-04465799⟩
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