Real-time feedback stall control of an airfoil at large Reynolds numbers using linear genetic programming - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Sciences du Numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Physics of Fluids Year : 2022

Real-time feedback stall control of an airfoil at large Reynolds numbers using linear genetic programming

Abstract

Machine learning control is applied in real-time to an airfoil equipped with variable-velocity jets and pressure sensors in a closed-loop wind tunnel. The objective of the control is to improve the lift-to-drag ratio using an array of variable velocity jets located at the leading edge of the wing model. Pressure sensors are located along the chord, at mid-span, and are used in a feedback control strategy where the symbolic control laws are optimized using a linear genetic programming control (LGPC) algorithm. For angles of attack at the onset of stall, we show that the best control law is able to outperform the best open-loop control strategy in the case of a single-input multiple-output control loop. Results are reported for Reynolds numbers at both half a million and one million. In particular, the lift-to-drag ratio is improved by 4% compared to the best open-loop strategy, which corresponds to a relative increase by a factor 3. In the case of leading-edge separation conditions, LGPC builds a control law performing similarly to the best open-loop strategy while minimizing the actuation power. This study suggests that in order to improve the control authority, the LGPC strategy is sufficiently mature. This control methodology highlights that in order to improve the aerodynamic performances, novel fluidic actuators providing access to the orientation of the jets could enable breakthroughs for high-Reynolds-number experimental demonstrators.
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Dates and versions

hal-04484688 , version 1 (29-02-2024)

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Pierre-Yves Passaggia, Asamaning Quansah, Nicolas Mazellier, Guy Maceda, Azeddine Kourta. Real-time feedback stall control of an airfoil at large Reynolds numbers using linear genetic programming. Physics of Fluids, 2022, 34 (4), ⟨10.1063/5.0087874⟩. ⟨hal-04484688⟩
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