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Book Sections Year : 2019

A Surface-Syntactic UD Treebank for Naija


This paper presents a syntactic treebank for spoken Naija, an English pidgincreole, which is rapidly spreading across Nigeria. The syntactic annotation is developed in the Surface-Syntactic Universal Dependency annotation scheme (SUD) (Gerdes et al., 2018) and automatically converted into UD. We present the workflow of the treebank development for this under-resourced language. A crucial step in the syntactic analysis of a spoken language consists in manually adding a markup onto the transcription, indicating the segmentation into major syntactic units and their internal structure. We show that this so-called "macrosyntactic" markup improves parsing results. We also study some iconic syntactic phenomena that clearly distinguish Naija from English.


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halshs-03983518 , version 1 (11-02-2023)




Bernard Caron, Marine Courtin, Kim Gerdes, Sylvain Kahane. A Surface-Syntactic UD Treebank for Naija. Marie Candito; Kilian Evang; Stephan Oepen; Djamé Seddah. Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories (TLT, SyntaxFest 2019), Association for Computational Linguistics, pp.13-24, 2019, ⟨10.18653/v1/W19-7803⟩. ⟨halshs-03983518⟩
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